Some rules of the road
Entering the dojo
The first lesson you will ever learn once you have been accepted into any karate school is how to enter and exit the “dojo” or “training hall” properly.
Every karate dojo in the world has a shrine at the designated “front” of the dojo, this is referred to as the “Shomen” and regardless of how many times you enter or leave the dojo during the course of your daily training, you must always bow first. This is done by standing at the dojo entrance and facing towards the “Shomen”, be sure that your feet are together, keep your legs straight, your arms should be at your sides, your hands should be in a closed fist and your front index finger knuckles touching. To bow, bend forward at the waist to about 45 degrees, pause for a second at the bottom of the bow then unbend. The entire bow should take only a few seconds, but it should be performed with the utmost courtesy and respect.
Remember : “In order to bow well physically, you must first learn how to bow well in your mind”.
Should you ever find yourself entering or leaving the dojo with a large group of students, do not push or shove, but instead patiently wait your turn. If the opportunity presents itself always allow those senior students in the group to enter or exit the dojo first, since in a karate dojo everything is dictated by your rank within the dojo society.
In a karate dojo, as is it is in life, it is very bad manners to be late.
Sometimes, however, this may be unavoidable, in which case you will be required to bow in quietly and then kneel in seiza just to one side of the dojo entrance. If you arrive while everyone else is also kneeling in seiza, do not make any noise what so ever, just wait quietly until the sensei or senior instructor acknowledges you and invites you to join the class. This may not happen right away, and it is important to remember that you must remain standing in formal until your are invited in, at which time you may be asked to perform some task as a penance for being late.
Once you are invited to join the class, you must first bow and join the class by finding a place in the last row unless some other space is indicated to you. This may or may not be your normal place of rank within that particular class, but as I mentioned earlier, in a karate dojo as in life, arriving late usually requires you to pay a price for your tardiness.
The line up
At the beginning of each class you will hear the most senior student present call, “line up”. Upon hearing this command you must move quickly and quietly to stand in an informal stance at your appropriate place of rank within that particular class. Depending on the size of the class you will often find that your place within the rank of students will vary from class to class. This is to be expected since the more senior students there are in a class, the further down the line you will be.
The line up is done in rank order from right to left facing the front of the dojo. As a result unless you are actually teaching the class, you will always have a more senior student to your immediate right, this could even be a student who wears the same colour of belt as you, but who would have achieved that rank before you did. To your immediate left you will then find a student of similar or lesser rank and so on down the line until finally at the end of the line you will find the newest or most junior student in the class. If you are ever required to start a new row due to the number of students ahead of you, be sure to start the row by standing behind the student on the extreme right end of the line in front of you, be sure that the line you start is of the same width as those in front of you, and that you are lined up directly behind the student in front of you.
One day, if you train long enough and hard enough, you too may find that it is your turn to give the command, “line up”.
Everyone starts at the bottom
Upon joining a karate dojo you will find that no one gets special treatment.
Everyone starts at the bottom. By that I mean that even your boss at your place of work; if he or she were to join your dojo they would find that despite their rank within the business community, even they can not simply join a dojo and without any previous training move to the head of the line just because of their status, or wealth outside of the dojo.
Like I said, in a karate dojo everyone starts at the bottom – where you go from there is entirely up to you.
The standing bow
The standing bow, is used not only to bow into and out of the dojo at the beginning or end of each class, but it is also used for example when bowing to another student, or an instructor before performing any form of partner training. The standing bow is also performed prior to the beginning of each kata, and at the end of each kata, and it must never be omitted or performed casually as it is extremely important that all of your karate training and all of your katas begin and end with courtesy.
If you find yourself bowing to a partner always keep your eyes focused on theirs, even when bowing to your sensei always ensure you are keeping an eye on your surroundings and those in front of you. Find out more…
The “seiza” or “kneeling position” while a very common occurrence, is used most often at the beginning and the end of each class, or when you are instructed to sit and watch a demonstration of some kind.
To get into the seiza position from an attention stance, bend down on the balls of both feet then first place your left knee on the ground, then your right knee, then sit down and tuck your feet underneath you. Be sure and always keep your back straight and your shoulders relaxed when sitting in seiza and your knees should be aligned with, but not touching, the knees of the person on your right or your left. Rest your open hands comfortably on the upper portion of your thighs with your fingers and thumb together and pointed slightly inward.
Proper posture in seiza is very important, and for anatomical reasons male students should have about a 12 inch to 14 inch width between their knees, while female students should have their knees together.
This is the command to meditate.
When ”mokusoh” is called, you must close your eyes, lower your gaze, tuck your chin in towards your chest, relax and quietly begin taking long slow breaths in through your nose and out through your mouth. It is important to learn to breath not just with the upper portion of your lungs but also from your lower abdomen or “hara” as the Japanese call it. Your “hara” is the lowest part of you abdomen and is located approximately three fingers widths below your navel. By learning to breath from here you will develop greater power and speed as your karate training progresses.
It is during this meditative process that you want to “quiet your mind” and to try and rid yourself of all thoughts unrelated to your karate training, you must seek to find an inner sense of peace, or a relaxed state of being, this will help you to stay focused throughout the training that is about to begin.
If you use the time spent in mokusoh to properly focus your mind prior to each class, you will over time in all likelyhood notice a definite increase in the quality of your techniques.
This is the command to stop meditating.
When “mokusoh yame” is called open your eyes immediately and sit up straight. When your turn comes quickly rise up by starting with your right foot, then your left foot and stand in ready stance and await further instructions.
Bowing in seiza
At the beginning of each class prior and to any form of training, the entire class will kneel in the seiza position and bow. The bow is done as a sign of deep respect to the memory of the long line of Masters and Sensei who came before you and who in turn passed the art of Senshi Shizoku Martial Arts down to your sensei.
This is done at the command, “Sensei no Rei” and is a sign of deep respect to your sensei without whom there would be no dojo for you to train in and therefore no one who could pass the art of karate on to you. In return the sensei bows to the entire class as a sign of deep respect to the students who come to train, because without students to teach there would be no one for the sensei to pass his or her knowledge on to.
When you are bowing you will either remain respectfully silent.
To perform a bow from the seiza position first you will be given the make a fist command “Chi”. You will make your hands into fists resting on your thighs. On the command Rei you will bring your fists together touching slightly and then place both fists knuckle down to the floor on either side of your knees. as you do this bow your head. The bow is done entirely from the waist and since it is a more formal way of bowing you should pause for slightly longer than you do when performing a standing bow. When coming up from the bow slide your hands back to their starting position in reverse order, that is your right hand first followed by your left hand and then sit up straight in a relaxed posture.
Etiquette during class
Once the training starts it is very important to put aside all unrelated thoughts. You must make every effort to only concentrate on the specific task at hand and especially on improving the quality of your own techniques. On “seeing” what can not be seen. In the beginning this will be a very hard concept for you to grasp but you must push yourself both physical as well as mentally if your karate is ever going to improve. In short, “always do your best”. In fact to do otherwise would be disrespectful not only to yourself, but also to your classmates and your instructor who have come to train with you.
When moving from one area of the dojo to another always do it quickly and quietly. When changing positions in line be sure not to cut through the lines or to pass in front of anyone else, instead go behind and around them. Whenever you watch a demonstration, do so respectfully and silently, without leaning on the walls or doing anything that would distract others. If you have a questions about any of the techniques that are being taught during class never call out, instead always raise you hand and wait to be acknowledged, then ask your question in the politest possible terms.
When training with a partner always be sure and bow properly before you begin and after you finish your training together. This applies every time you change partners regardless of their rank.
Sooner or later you will learn to perform a “kiai” or “spirit cry”.
A kiai is not unique to karate, but it is a sound that will be unique to each individual student. This sound does not come from the throat, but instead it originates deep in your abdomen or “tanden” and is usually expressed during the maximum point of attack or defence in all katas. In the beginning most students will simply say the word “kiai” but in fact “kiai” is simply a Japanese word that when translated into English literally means, “yell”.
So what is a kiai?
A definition of a kiai is as follows : “a kiai is a unique, personal vocalization, brought about by a strong emotional feeling .”
In karate a kiai is most often used at the moment when the students maximum physical, mental and or spiritual power is required in combination with a specific movement or technique. What you will learn to do over the course of your training, is to draw on all your mental, physical and spiritual energy and focus and release this energy for maximum power and effect at the appropriate moment in your kata or during class.
Don’t be afraid to kiai loudly.
The overall tone of a class is often set by the level of spirit in the class, which can often be raised with a strong kiai on your part. So you if you have a strong kiai it will often spur others to work harder as well. On the other hand, if your spirit is poor, or your kiai weak, you might actually bring down the class spirit, so always do your very best.
In the end your own personal kiai will be as unique as you are, never be embarrassed by what you think it sounds like, if there is spirit and conviction in your actions then your kiai will always be strong.
If basic techniques are the “heart” of Senshi no te then most assuredly kata is the its “soul”.
Just what is kata?
A kata can be defined as follows : “A kata is a series of pre-determined defensive and offensive movements and techniques that have been handed down from past masters as a means of helping a student to understand, and cope with, their personal physical limitations, while at the same time helping the student to develop a strong spirit, and a peaceful mind through the art of karate.”
In the end kata is all about control – physical, mental, and spiritual control. If you do kata often enough you will finally come to understand what this means. So how often is often enough?
If you need to ask you will never find the answer.
The end of class
Often this comes all too soon.
When your class is at an end and “Line Up!” is called once again, be sure and quickly line up in in the same manner and rank order as you were at the start of your class. Finish as you started, with a positive attitude and a willing desire to always do your best no matter what lies ahead.
It is very important that the lessons you learn at each class leave the dojo with you. How you use and apply these lessons in your everyday life is up to you, but your progress depends on you remembering them and building upon them.
The end of class will return to the beginning of class and you will again sit in seiza, quiet your mind and reflect on what you have learnt. Then bow and thank your sensei for their time and knowledge.
After each class there is usually some cleaning required in the dojo.
Try and take an active part rather than sit back and watch others do the work.
In many dojos these tasks are often performed by the most senior students since they know that respect for the dojo or training hall is just as important as respect for your teachers and fellow students.
If you keep these simple rules in mind then your experiences within the dojo will be much more enjoyable, and your fellow students will hold you in much higher regard for your efforts.